...Heat information and precautions for the upcoming heat wave...
Last year...heat related fatalities were the second highest among
all the weather related deaths...second only to tornadoes and more
than double all other causative factors including flood...
The 10 year average also ranks heat as the second greatest weather
related cause of fatalities.
What to do...
First and foremost....never ever leave anyone inside a parked car.
That includes children, the elderly, pets. Noaa's National Weather
Service advises that even when its only 80 degrees outside, it can
take just two minutes for the inside of your car to heat up to 123
Heat stress from exertion or working in hot environments places you
at risk for illnesses such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, or heat
Studies indicate that, other things being equal, the severity of
heat disorders tend to increase with age. Conditions that cause
cramps in a 17 year old may result in heat exhaustion for some age
40 and heat stroke in a person over 60.
Sunburn with its ultraviolet radiation Burns can significantly
retard the skins ability to shed excess heat.
Heat cramps are painful spasms usually in the muscles or legs and
abdomen and associated with heavy sweating. Take sips of water. If
nausea occurs...discontinue water.
Heat exhaustion...heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold pale and
clammy. Fainting and or vomiting. Get out of the sun...lay down
and loosen clothing. Try to get into an air conditioned room.
Apply cool wet cloths. Try sips of water. If nausea
occurs...discontinue water. If vomiting continues...seek immediate
Heat stroke is dangerously high body temperature ...about 106f or
higher. It results in hot dry skin...rapid strong pulse...possible
unconsciousness. This is a severe medical emergency and get the
person to a hospital immediately!!! delay can be fatal. While
waiting for emergency assistance, try and move the victim to a
cooler environment. Reduce body temperature with a cold Bath or
sponging. Do not give fluids.
Here is what you can do at home or at work to reduce your risks.
Avoid heavy exertion, extreme heat, and sun exposure whenever
Monitor high risk individuals by checking on elderly neighbors as
well as children.
Spend time in air conditioned areas as much as possible.
Limit outdoor activity to early morning or the evening hours.
Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Avoid caffeinated and
alcoholic beverages which can increase the risk of dehydration.
Dress in light colored loosely fitting clothing.
Make sure your child's safety seat and seat buckles are not too hot
before securing your child in a safety restraint system, especially
when your car has been parked in the heat.