Tips on How To Deal With Excessive Heat


...Heat information and precautions for the upcoming heat wave...
Last year...heat related fatalities were the second highest among 
all the weather related deaths...second only to tornadoes and more 
than double all other causative factors including flood...  
lightning...hurricane...and winter. 
The 10 year average also ranks heat as the second greatest weather 
related cause of fatalities.
What to do...
First and foremost....never ever leave anyone inside a parked car. 
That includes children, the elderly, pets. Noaa's National Weather 
Service advises that even when its only 80 degrees outside, it can 
take just two minutes for the inside of your car to heat up to 123 
Heat stress from exertion or working in hot environments places you 
at risk for illnesses such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, or heat 
Studies indicate that, other things being equal, the severity of 
heat disorders tend to increase with age.  Conditions that cause 
cramps in a 17 year old may result in heat exhaustion for some age 
40 and heat stroke in a person over 60. 
Sunburn with its ultraviolet radiation Burns can significantly 
retard the skins ability to shed excess heat.  
Heat cramps are painful spasms usually in the muscles or legs and 
abdomen and associated with heavy sweating.  Take sips of water.  If 
nausea occurs...discontinue water. 
Heat exhaustion...heavy sweating, weakness, skin cold pale and 
clammy.  Fainting and or vomiting.  Get out of the sun...lay down 
and loosen clothing.  Try to get into an air conditioned room.  
Apply cool wet cloths.  Try sips of water.  If nausea 
occurs...discontinue water.  If vomiting immediate 
medical attention. 
Heat stroke is dangerously high body temperature ...about 106f or 
higher. It results in hot dry skin...rapid strong pulse...possible 
unconsciousness.  This is a severe medical emergency and get the 
person to a hospital immediately!!!  delay can be fatal.  While 
waiting for emergency assistance,  try and move the victim to a 
cooler environment. Reduce body temperature with a cold Bath or 
sponging.  Do not give fluids. 
Here is what you can do at home or at work to reduce your risks.
Avoid heavy exertion, extreme heat, and sun exposure whenever 
Monitor high risk individuals by checking on elderly neighbors as 
well as children. 
Spend time in air conditioned areas as much as possible. 
Limit outdoor activity to early morning or the evening hours.
Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day.  Avoid caffeinated and 
alcoholic beverages which can increase the risk of dehydration.
Dress in light colored loosely fitting clothing. 
Make sure your child's safety seat and seat buckles are not too hot 
before securing your child in a safety restraint system, especially 
when your car has been parked in the heat.  
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